《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题20(客观题)

Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on—but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever before.
By 1994 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War. Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921he won the Nobel Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题19(客观题)

How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing they were young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets.
Youth is a time when there are few tasks to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. In addition, life is always presenting new things to the child–—things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well-known. But a child has his pains: he is not so free to do what he wishes to do; he is continually being told not to do things, or being punished for what he has done wrong.
When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society. 1). People can experience happiness if they __ .

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题18(客观题)

People living on parts of the south coast of England face a serious problem. In 1993, the owners of a large hotel and of several houses discovered, to their horror, that their gardens had disappeared overnight. The sea had eaten into the soft limestone cliffs on which they had been built. While experts were studying the problem, the hotel and several houses disappeared altogether, sliding down the cliff and into the sea.
Erosion(侵蚀)of the white cliffs along the south coast of England has always been a problem but it has become more serious in recent years. Dozens of homes have had to be abandoned as the sea has crept farther and farther inland. Experts have studied the areas most affected and have drawn up a map for local people, forecasting the year in which their homes will be swallowed up by the hungry sea.
Angry owners have called on the Government to erect sea defenses to protect their homes. Government surveyors have pointed out that in most cases, this is impossible. New sea walls would cost hundreds of millions of pounds and would merely make the waves and currents go further along the coast, shifting the problem from one area to another. The danger is likely to continue, they say, until the waves reach an inland area of hard rock which will not be eaten as limestone is. Meanwhile, if you want to buy a cheap house with an uncertain future, apply to a house agent in one of the threatened areas on the south coast of England. You can get a house for a knockdown price but it may turn out to be a knockdown home.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题16(客观题)

Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other than that of their families. Television is the most significant of these influences, because the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school.
Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children. The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them. Studies indicate that, when children are exposed to violence, they many become aggressive or insecure.
Parents are also concerned about the commercials that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children. And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers.
Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of. The most famous of these is Sesame Street, which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet (字母) and numbers. It also tries to teach children useful things about the world in which they live.
Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality, some critics argue that all television, whether educational or not, is harmful to children. These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive (被动的) consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of it.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题15(客观题)

1.Acting is such an over-crowded profession that the only advice that should be given to a young person thinking of going on the stage is “Don’t!” But it is useless to try to discourage someone who feels that he must act, although the chances of his becoming famous are slim. The normal way to begin is to go to a drama school. Usually only students who show promise and talent are accepted, and the course lasts two years. Then the young actor or actress takes up work with a theatrical company (剧团), usually as an assistant stage manager. This means doing everything that there is to do in the theatre and occasionally acting in very small parts. It is very hard work indeed, the hours are long and the salary is tiny.
开元棋牌炸金花手机 Of course, some people have remarkable chances which lead to fame and success without this long and hard training. Connie Pratt, for example, was just an ordinary girl working in a bicycle factory. A film producer happened to catch sight of her one morning waiting at a bus stop, as he drove past in his car. He stopped and got out to speak to the girl. He asked if she would like to go to the film studio to do a test, and she thought he was joking. Then she got angry and said she would call the police. It took the producer twenty minutes to convince Connie that he was serious. The test was successful. And within a few weeks she was playing the leading part opposite one of the most famous actors of the day. But chances like this happen once in a blue moon!
1). From the very beginning, the author puts it clearly that acting is a profession _ .

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题14(客观题)

1.People often say that the Englishman’s home is his castle. They mean that the home is very important and personal. Most people in Britain live in houses rather than flats, and many people own their homes. This means that they can make them personal, and change them in any way they like. Most houses have a garden, even if it is a small one, and the garden is usually loved. The house and the garden are the private space of a person. In a crowded city a person knows that he or she has a private space which is only for himself or herself and for invited friends.
People usually like to mark their space. If you are on the beach you may have spread your towels around you; in the rain you may have put your coat or small bag on the seat beside you; in a library you may spread your books around you.
Once I was traveling on a train to London. I was on a section for four people and there was a table between us. The man opposite to me had his briefcase on the table. There was no space on my side of the table at all. I was unhappy. I thought he thought that he owned the whole table. I had been reading a book about nonverbal communication so I took various papers out of my bag and put them on his case! When I did this he suddenly became angry and his eyes nearly popped out of his head. I had taken up his space! A few minutes later I took my papers off in order to read them. He immediately moved his case to his side of the table. 1). What does the first sentence in Paragraph 1 mean?

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题13(客观题)

1.Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on—but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever before.
By 1994 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War. Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921he won the Nobel Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.
2.Brazil has become one of the developing world’s greatest successes at reducing population growth-but more by accident than design. While countries such as India have made joint efforts to reduce birth rates, Brazil has had better result without really trying, says George Martine at Harvard.
Brazil’s population growth rate has dropped from 2.99% a year between 1951 and 1960 to 1.93% a year between 1981 and 1990, and Brazilian women now have only 2.7 children on average. Martine says this figure may have fallen still further since 1990, an achievement that makes it the envy of many other Third World countries.
Martine puts it down to, among other things, soap operas(通俗电视连续剧)and installment(分期付款)plans introduced in the 1970s. Both played an important, although indirect, role in lowering the birth rate. Brazil is one of the world’s biggest producers of soap operas. Globo, Brazil’s most popular television network, shows three hours of soaps six nights a week, while three others show at least one hour a night. Most soaps are based on wealthy characters living the high life in big cities.
“Although they have never really tried to work in a message towards the problems of reproduction, they describe middle and upper class values-not many children, different attitudes towards sex, women working,” says Martine. “They sent this image to all parts of Brazil and made people conscious of other patterns of behavior and other values, which were put into a very attractive package.”
Meanwhile, the installment plans tried to encourage the poor to become consumers. “This led to an enormous change in consumption patterns and consumption was incompatible(不相容的)with unlimited reproduction,” says Martine. _.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题12(客观题)

1.Almost every family buys as least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people subscribe to as many as two or three different newspapers. But why do people read newspapers?
Five hundred years ago, news of important happenings–battles lost and won, kings or rulers overthrown (推翻) or killed took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by word of mouth and was never accurate. Today we can read in our newspapers of important events that occur in far away countries on the same day they happen.
Apart from supplying news from all over the world, newspapers give us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories, and of course, advertisements. The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space, but it is worth the money for news of their products goes into almost every home in the country. For those who produce newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money earned from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题11(客观题)

1.The appeal of advertising to buying motives can have both negative and positive effects. Consumers may be convinced to buy a product of poor quality or high price because of an advertisement. For example, some advertisers have appealed to people’s desire for better fuel economy for their cars by advertising automotive products that improve gasoline mileage. Some of the products work. Others are worthless and a waste of consumers’ money.
Sometimes advertising is intentionally misleading. A few years ago a brand of bread was offered to dieters(节食者)with the message that there were fewer calories(热量单位,大卡)in every slice. It turned out that the bread was not dietetic(适合于节食的), but just regular bread. There were fewer calories because it was sliced very thin, but there were the same number of calories in every loaf.
On the positive side, emotional appeals may respond to a consumer’s real concerns. Consider fire insurance. Fire security of knowing that property is protected by insurance makes the purchase of fire insurance a worthwhile investment for most people. If consumers consider the quality of the insurance plans as well as the message in the ads, they will benefit from the advertising.
Each consumer must evaluate her or his own situation. Are the benefits of the product important enough to justify buying it? Advertising is intended to appeal to consumers, but it does not force them to buy the product. Consumers still control the final buying decision.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题10(客观题)

As people continue to grow and age, our body systems continue to change. At a certain point in your life your body systems will begin to weaken. Your strength may become weaker. It may become more difficult for you to see and hear. The slow change of aging causes our bodies to lose some of their ability to bounce back from diseases and injury. In order to live longer, we have always tried to slow or stop this change that leads us towards the end of our lives.
Many factors decide your health. A good diet plays an important role. The amount and type of exercise you get is another factor. Your living condition is yet another. But scientists studying aging problem want to know: why do people grow old? They hope that by studying the aging medical science they may be able to make the length of life longer.
There is nothing to be afraid of as old age comes. Many consider that the latter part of life to be the best time for living. Physical activity may become less, but often you get better understanding of yourself and the world.
What we consider old age now may only be middle-aged some day soon. Who knows with so many advances in medical science happening so quickly, life length may one day be measured in centuries, rather than in years. 1). What should we do to live longer?

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题8(客观题)

Americans are pound of their variety and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform, whether it is the uniform of an elevator operator or the uniform of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so popular in the United States?
Among the arguments for uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more professional than civilian(百姓的)clothes. People have become conditioned to expect superior quality from a man who wears a uniform. The television repairman who wears uniform tends to inspire more trust than one who appears in civilian clothes. Faith in the skill of a garage mechanic is increased by a uniform. What easier way is there for a nurse, a policeman, a barber, or a waiter to lose professional identity(身份)than to step out of uniform?
Uniforms also have many practical benefits. They save on other clothes. They save on laundry bills. They are tax-deductible(可减税的). They are often more comfortable and more durable than civilian clothes.
Primary among the arguments against uniforms is their lack of variety and the consequent loss of individuality experienced by people who must wear them. Though there are many types of uniforms, the wearer of any particular type is generally stuck with it, without change, until retirement. When people look alike, they tend to think, speak, and act similarly, on the job at least.
Uniforms also give rise to some practical problems. Though they are long-lasting, often their initial expense is greater than the cost of civilian clothes. Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题7(写作)

根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目:On friendship 参考范文: There are certain relationships among humans, and friendship is one of them. It is believed that friendship is very important to every one of us.
In our lives, we need friends to offer us help, support and encouragement when we are in trouble. Friends are also there to share our joys when success is achieved. Friendship is one of the greatest pleasures we can enjoy. It implies loyalty, sympathy, love and readiness to help.
In a word, we need to cherish the friendship in our lives, because it is friends who share the happy moments with us and support us when there are hard times.2.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目: On writing a blog 参考范文: More and more college students are becoming bloggers. They keep blogs to note down what happen to them, to describe their feelings and to express opinions on certain issues.
There are different views about this phenomenon. Some people think it’s a good idea for college students to keep a blog, saying blogs not only provide an outlet for the student’s inner feelings like traditional diaries, but also offer a new way through which young people can communicate with each other. Others think differently. They are afraid that some students have spent too much time on their blogs, trying hard to win clicks and replies. Therefore both their school work and interpersonal relationships may suffer.
In my views, both views are reasonable. While writing blogs are advisable, students also need to be aware of its potential shortcomings.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题7(客观题)

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.
During the hours when you work, you may say that you’re hot. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic(有活力的)is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak(高峰). For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues(自言自语)as: “Get up, John! You’ll be late for work again!” the possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and- energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.
You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract(对抗)your cycle by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won’t change your cycle, but you’ll get up and work better at your low point.
Get off to a slow start that saves your energy. Get up with a free yawn(哈欠) and stretch(伸展). Sit on the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题6(写作)

1.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目:My favorite job 参考范文: I like to be a teacher very much. There are three reasons why I love this job.
First, teaching means learning. To make my teaching more attractive and informative, I have to read more books, explore new knowledge and gain a better understanding of the world, which is the very thing I enjoy in my life. Second, teaching means freedom and independence. As a teacher, I’m free to use my own ideas and make my own decisions. Finally, I like teaching as it always makes me feel young while being together with my students.2.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。
写作题目:My hobbies
参考范文:
Almost everyone has a hobby. Hobbies can bring us fun and happiness.
Different people have different hobbies. Many people enjoy music. They listen to records, sing songs, and play musical instruments in their free hours. Millions of people take great pleasure in doing physical activities, such as running, swimming, playing balls and so forth. And also a lot of people feel like traveling.
As for me, I like stamp collecting. Every single stamp seems to be a beautiful flower, a story or a good friend. Whenever I open my stamp-album and look at the stamps, I feel I am immersed in happy reveries.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题6(客观题)

The resources of the library can be helpful even when we are doing something very informal, such as trying to devise a better way to measure attitudes toward music or looking for a better way to teach mathematics. The library can be equally helpful when we are doing something very formal, such as writing a dissertation (学位论文) or preparing an article for publication in a professional journal. In either case, our goal should be to use the library as a useful tool to help us understand and solve our problem.
The following sections of this chapter will describe specific resources available in many libraries. In some cases you may already be aware of a resource and may use it frequently and successfully. In other cases you may be completely unfamiliar with a resource. Your goal should be to become aware of what is available and to know how to use each of these resources to help you solve the problem they are designed to solve.
When educators have a piece of information that they want to share with their colleagues, they often make this information available in professional journals or at professional meetings. It would often be useful to have access to such information, and this chapter will describe the special services that enable us to locate such information.
1). The library resources can be helpful when we _.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题5(写作)

1.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目:Water and Life 参考范文: While we are enjoying the rich fruits of modern industrialization, we are losing something precious on this planet. Fresh water, among others, is becoming less and less day by day, owing to the large-scale industrialization everywhere in the world.
Just as sunshine is a necessity to life, so is fresh water. Without fresh water, our human society would come to a stop. As fresh water is such an important resource to the human society, we need to treasure it as we treasure our life, but how?
First, our government should make a good plan for the use of fresh water and develop industries that consume less water. Second, waste water must be recycled. Finally every one of us should do his bit to save water.2.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目:How to keep healthy 参考范文: Today, people are paying more attention to their health, thus they tend to talk a lot more about how to keep healthy.
First, it is necessary to do some exercise everyday. It is believed that regular exercise does good to our hearts. Second, make your diet more balanced. Try to have more fruits, vegetables and less meat in your everyday diet. Third, getting rid of some bad habits like smoking and drinking too much is also an important way to stay fit.
If people follow these ways, their health will be improved greatly.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题5(客观题)

If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago, we should probably have to say that we could not remember. But if we had kept a book and had written in it and account of what we did each day, we should be able to give an answer to the question.
It is the same in history. Many things have been forgotten because we do not have any written account of them. Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country, but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war. Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people of that time and place did not know how to write. For example, we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4,000 years ago, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them. But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa, because they had not learned to write.
Sometimes, of course, even if the people cannot write, they may know something of the past. They have heard about it from older people, and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings, and these have been sung and acted and told for many generations. For most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past. This we may call “remembered history”. Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is, because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing. But where there are no written records, such spoken stories are often very helpful.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题4(英译汉)

英译汉试题:Everyone is surprised at the fact that the human population is growing so rapidly. 参考答案:大家都惊讶于这一事实,即人口增长得如此之快。英译汉试题:The university provides all the materials and facilities we need. 参考答案:这所大学提供了我们所需的所有材料。英译汉试题:You ought to pay attention to the quality of these goods. 参考答案:你应该注意这些商品的质量。英译汉试题:Computers are playing a big role in office work as well as in our life. 参考答案:计算机在办公室工作和日常生活中起到重要作用。英译汉试题:She was just in time for the flight. 参考答案:她刚好来得及赶上那班飞机。英译汉试题:Students are translating scientific materials with the help of teachers. 参考答案:学生正在老师的帮助下翻译科学资料。英译汉试题:This is one of the tallest buildings I have ever seen. 参考答案:这是我所见过的最高的建筑。英译汉试题:Plenty of fresh air is helpful to good health. 参考答案:充足的新鲜空气有益于身体健康。

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题4(客观题)

For any Englishman, there can never be any discussion as to who is the world’s greatest dramatist (剧作家). Only one name can possibly suggest itself to him: that of William Shakespeare. Every Englishman has some knowledge, however slight, of the work of our greatest writer. All of us use words, phrases and quotations from Shakespeare’s writings that have become part of the common property of the English-speaking people. Most of the time we are probably unaware of the source of the words we used, rather like the old lady who was taken to see a performance of Hamlet and complained that it was full of well-known proverbs and quotations.
Shakespeare, more perhaps than any other writer, makes full use of the great resources of the English language. Most of us use about five thousand words in our normal use of English; Shakespeare in his works used about twenty-five thousand.
There is probably no better way for a foreigner to appreciate the richness and variety of the English language than by studying the various ways in which Shakespeare used it. Such a study is well worth the effort (it is not, of course, recommended to beginners) even though some aspects of English usage, and the meaning of many words, have changed since Shakespeare’s day.
1). English people _.

《东北大学》大学英语(统考)在线练习题3(写作)

1.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目:My favorite sport 参考范文: Just as lots of teenagers take to pop music, I love basketball. It’s part of my life. I began to play basketball in my childhood. I still remember the good old days when I played with my classmates after school. Later on, as I grew up, almost everything changed, but this sport—playing basketball remained and my love of it grew even stronger.
I love this sport because it brings joys and health to my life. When I got tired from office work, I went to the sports ground and felt refreshed. If there were cares and worries from daily life, I went to the sports ground. There everything went away except basketball. It is basketball that keeps me in good shape and mood.2.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。 写作题目: On writing a blog 参考范文: More and more college students are becoming bloggers. They keep blogs to note down what happen to them, to describe their feelings and to express opinions on certain issues.
There are different views about this phenomenon. Some people think it’s a good idea for college students to keep a blog, saying blogs not only provide an outlet for the student’s inner feelings like traditional diaries, but also offer a new way through which young people can communicate with each other. Others think differently. They are afraid that some students have spent too much time on their blogs, trying hard to win clicks and replies. Therefore both their school work and interpersonal relationships may suffer.
In my views, both views are reasonable. While writing blogs are advisable, students also need to be aware of its potential shortcomings.3.根据下面所给题目写出一篇不少于80词的短文。
写作题目:My hobbies
参考范文:
Almost everyone has a hobby. Hobbies can bring us fun and happiness.
Different people have different hobbies. Many people enjoy music. They listen to records, sing songs, and play musical instruments in their free hours. Millions of people take great pleasure in doing physical activities, such as running, swimming, playing balls and so forth. And also a lot of people feel like traveling.
As for me, I like stamp collecting. Every single stamp seems to be a beautiful flower, a story or a good friend. Whenever I open my stamp-album and look at the stamps, I feel I am immersed in happy reveries.